On this Memorial Day weekend, we remember those who made the ultimate sacrifice while serving our country and their families.

Happy Memorial Day to all from ETC!


Kindly note that our office will close at 3 p.m. EST on Friday, May 27th  and will be CLOSED on Monday, May 30th  in observance of Memorial Day Holiday.

Please contact your account officer to plan accordingly during this time frame.

We greatly appreciate your understanding and apologize for any inconvenience.

Happy Memorial Day to all!

USTR Undertakes a Four-Year Review Process of Section 301 Tariffs on China’s Commodities.

The U.S. Trade Representative is commencing the statutory four-year review of the two actions taken under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended, in the investigation of China’s Acts, Policies, and Practices Related to Technology Transfer, Intellectual Property, and Innovation. The two actions were effective, respectively, on July 6, 2018 and August 23, 2018, and subsequently were modified by imposing additional duties on supplemental lists of products, as well as by the temporary removal of duties on certain products through product exclusions.

The first step in the four-year review process is notifying representatives of domestic industries which benefit from the trade actions, as modified, of the possible termination of the actions, and of the opportunity for these representatives to request continuation of the actions. Requests for continuation must be received in the 60-day window prior to the four-year anniversary of the respective action: Between May 7, 2022, and July 5, 2022, for the July 6, 2018 action, and between June 24, 2022, and August 22, 2022, for the August 23, 2018, action. The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) is opening dockets in these two time windows for representatives of domestic industries which benefit from the trade actions to request continuation of the corresponding trade actions, as modified. If the actions continue as a result of one or more requests from representatives of domestic industries which benefit from the trade actions, USTR will proceed with the next phase of the review.

The second phase of the review will be announced in one or more subsequent notices, and will provide opportunities for public comments from all interested parties.

DATES: For the July 6, 2018 trade action, the web portal at https:// will open for requests to continue the action on May 7, 2022, and close at 11:59 p.m. on July 5, 2022. For the August 23, 2018 trade action, the web portal at https:// will open for requests to continue the action on June 24, 2022, and close at 11:59 p.m. on August 22, 2022.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For questions about this notice, contact Assistant General Counsels Megan Grimball or Philip Butler at (202) 395– 5725.

Background: On August 24, 2017, the U.S. Trade Representative initiated an investigation into certain acts, policies, and practices of the Government of China related to technology transfer, intellectual property, and innovation. 82 FR 40213. In a notice published on April 6, 2018 (83 FR 14906), the U.S. Trade Representative announced a determination that the acts, policies, and practices of the Government of China covered in the investigation are unreasonable or discriminatory and burden or restrict U.S. commerce. The April 6 notice also invited public comment on a proposed action in the investigation, in the form of an additional 25 percent ad valorem duty on products of China classified in a list of 1,333 tariff subheadings, with an annual trade value of approximately $50 billion.

  1. Actions Taken Under Section 301 of the Trade Act Following a period of public notice and comment, the U.S. Trade Representative determined to take action under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (Trade Act) (19 U.S.C. 2411) in the form of additional duties of 25 percent ad valorem on 818 of the proposed tariff subheadings, with an approximate annual trade value of $34 billion, effective July 6, 2018 (List 1). 83 FR 28710 (hereinafter referred to as the July 6, 2018, action). The U.S. Trade Representative also proposed further action in the form of additional ad valorem duties of 25 percent on a list of 284 tariff subheadings with an approximate annual trade value of $16 billion. Following a period of notice and comment, the U.S. Trade Representative determined to take action under Section 301 in the form of additional duties of 25 percent on 279 tariff subheadings with an approximate annual trade value of $16 billion, effective August 23, 2018 (List 2). 83 FR 40823 (hereinafter referred to as the August 23, 2018, action).

 2. Subsequent Modifications Under Section 307 The U.S. Trade Representative subsequently modified the July 6, 2018, and August 23, 2018, actions, pursuant to authority under Section 307(a) of the Trade Act. (19 U.S.C. 2417(a)). These modifications were in the form of (i) additional duties on supplemental lists of products, and (ii) the temporary removal of duties on certain products through product exclusions. The modifications to the July 6, 2018, and August 23, 2018, actions that are currently in effect are as follows: a. List 3—83 FR 47974 (September 21, 2018), as modified by 84 FR 20459 (May 9, 2019), and as amended by 84 FR 21892 (May 15, 2019); 84 FR 26930 (June 10, 2019); 86 FR 22092 (April 26, 2021); and 84 FR 9785 (February 22, 2022); b. List 4A—84 FR 43304 (August 20, 2019), as modified by 84 FR 45821 (August 30, 2019), 84 FR 69447 (December 18, 2019), and 85 FR 3741 (January 22, 2020); c. COVID Exclusions—86 FR 63438 (November 16, 2021), as amended: By 86 FR 69350 (December 7, 2021) and 87 FR 4704 (January 28, 2022): and d. Reinstated Exclusions—87 FR 17380 (March 28, 2022). In the four-year review, USTR will examine the July 6, 2018, action, as modified, and August 23, 2018, action, as modified. To ensure comprehensive coverage of the review, USTR will consider the List 3 and List 4A modifications as applicable to both the July 6, 2018, action and August 23, 2018, action.

If you have any additional questions, please do not hesitate to contact us  HERE.


Happy Thanksgiving!

Happy Thanksgiving from our family to yours.

Yours truly,

Express Trade Capital.


Kindly note that our office will be closed on Thursday, November 11th in observance of Veterans Day.

Please contact your account officer to plan accordingly during this time frame.

We greatly appreciate your understanding and apologize for any inconvenience.

Happy Veterans Day to all!

Express Trade Capital closes a hot deal with a Chili Spice Company

Express recently cooked up a $2mm A/R and a $500k P.O Funding Facility for a chili spice company. The company’s sales caught fire with significant increased orders from its large retailers and they couldn’t keep up with the demand. Express’s well-seasoned team spiced things up with working capital to pay their copacker and purchase raw materials, ingredients and packaging.

Like many food and beverage companies, the client was originally looking for VC or PE firms to provide capital for order fulfillment and basic working capital requirements. The client did a hot take when they realized that they could use factoring and PO funding facilities to finance their growth AND increase their enterprise value without giving up equity in the meantime. All in all, it was another tasty adventure.

What are everyone’s thoughts on when companies should seek equity investors?

Promotion Announcement

We are pleased to announce that effective immediately, David Estrakh has been promoted to EVP.  Over the last few years, David has already taken on and performed the duties of EVP and his new title is intended to convey a role commensurate with those responsibilities. 

As EVP, David heads ETC’s Sales and Marketing Department, overseeing a team of eight new business and marketing executives across the country.  David is a member of ETC’s Executive Committee and active in all areas of operations and management including client and partner relations.  As a corollary to his role as EVP, David sits on multiple company boards and is active in various charitable organizations.  

In addition to his 10+ years’ experience and success at Express Trade Capital, David was recently awarded 40 Under 40 honors by SFNet (2020) and Insight Success Magazine (2021).

Global Governance of Letters of Credit and the UCP600

By: Slava Vernidub, Express Trade Capital

Every year, trade transactions exceeding US$2 trillion are conducted under UCP600, totaling some 11% of all import/export transactions.­­1 The primary goal of the UCP600 is to ease cross-border trade by providing global uniform rules regulating the issuance and usage of letters of credit (“LCs”).

To date, the UCP (“Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits”) rules are adopted in 175 countries. UCP rules are issued by the International Chamber of Commerce’s (ICC) commission on Banking Technique and Practice.  It is important to note that the ICC is a private international organization of industry experts, not a governmental body. The UCP600 is arguably the most widely accepted set of private rules for international trade ever developed.

How is UCP600 different from previous UCP publications?

Since the UCP was first established in 1933, it underwent several revisions, each reflecting the evolution of trade finance practices across banking, insurance, and transport industries. The objective was to create a set of internationally uniform rules to remove confusion caused by individual countries promoting disparate laws and practices governing the use of letters of credit. By guiding banks and other players engaged in global trade, the UCP enables greater trust between multinational actors and drastically increases the reliability, frequency and efficiency of international trade transactions. As of today, the UCP600 is the latest published revision issued on July 1, 2007 and includes 39 Articles.

In contrast to previous UCP publications, UCP600 not only lays out guidelines, but also includes definitions (Article 2) and interpretations (Article 3) on how to apply certain provisions of the code. By providing clear, defined terms and information specifying the role of banks in letters of credit, UCP600 removes ambiguity and provides a more concise and precise set of regulations to govern LCs. As a result, compared to transactions governed by previous versions of the UCP, transactions conducted under UCP600 are more streamlined, less risky and require fewer amendments.

Aiming to adapt the evolving practice of submitting electronic documents under letters of credit, UCP600 introduced the eUCP which has 12 articles. The goal of the eUCP is to ‘accommodate presentation of electronic records alone or in combination with paper documents’.2 However, for a letter of credit to be subject to eUCP, it must explicitly indicate so in the instrument. Letters of credit subject to eUCP are also subject to UCP600 even if this is not explicitly stated in the letter of credit. If there is a conflict, eUCP will prevail in situations where it will produce a different result from UCP.

How is UCP600 beneficial for trade transactions?

1. UCP600 levels the playing field by creating one set of operating rules for all international parties. This makes trade more inclusive because it allows SMEs to participate in international markets and integrate global supply chains.  SMEs can now rely on banks and counterparties to follow the UCP600 rather than relying on their network, market position, banking relationships and ability to exercise legal muscle, to hold sway over their trade partners when disputes arise.

2. UCP600 resolves disagreements without court intervention, providing more fair, cost-effective, and efficient global trade transactions. Banks and other LC issuing institutions can perform better as neutral third parties to decide issues that are resolved by the language of UCP600 rather than deferring and referring issues for resolution to courts for fear of incurring liability.

3. UCP600 clearly identifies the roles of parties involved and their responsibilities, reducing risk and increasing transparency and therefore speed for exporters and importers who otherwise would have no recourse beyond suing their trade partners and corresponding banks in courts of foreign jurisdiction.

4. A notable feature of UCP600 is the irrevocable nature of the letter of credit. An irrevocable letter of credit cannot be revoked by the issuing bank or at the request of the letter of credit applicant. It assures the parties involved that the guarantee offered by an LC cannot be rescinded once issued unless all parties mutually agree to cancel it. An LC is irrevocable by default, even if not explicitly stated.

For a letter of credit to adhere to UCP600, it must specify so (unless it states that it is subject to the eUCP in which case, both apply). This ensures that all parties involved understand how their performance under the instrument will be governed. If a transaction requires, certain parts of the UCP600 can be omitted but such exceptions must be specifically and unambiguously written into the LC.

If you would like to find out more about LCs, the UCP600 and how it could benefit your trade transactions, reach out to A comprehensive understanding of UCP600 will help both small and large businesses mitigate risks and conquer new international markets.

To make sure your LCs are issued under UCP600, reach out to us. We issue LCs, SBLCs, BGs, RWAs, and Proof of Funds. Contact us to understand which instrument is best suited for your business needs.


1. Collyer, Gary. Guide to Documentary Credits. The London Institute of Banking & Finance, 2017

2. International Chamber of Commerce. Supplement to the Uniform Customs and Practices for Documentary Credits for Electronic Presentations (eUCP), 2007

International Chamber of Commerce. Uniform Customs and Practices for Documentary Credits, Publication 600 (UCP600), 2007

“UCP600.” ShippingCollege,

“Global Rules.” International Chamber of Commerce,

Thanuja, Rodrigo. “UCP 500 to 600: A forward movement.” Murdoch University Law Review, vol. 18, no. 2, 2011,

Badlis, Baziz. “UCP600 & UCP500 Compared.”

Castaneda, Cristina. “Comparative Study of UCP500 and UCP600 – Approach to Negotiation and Preclusion.” Jan. 2007,

Chan, Jeremy. “Banks see uneven digitisation in trade.” The Global Treasurer, 24 November 2020,

Manzella, John. “The New UCP 600: Better Rules to Better Facilitate International Trade.” The Manzella Report, 1 Jan. 2007,

CBP Issues Regionwide Withhold Order Xingang China Cotton and Tomato Products

Effective January 13, 2021, the CBP has issued a Withhold Release Order (WRO) that all U.S. ports of entry, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) will detain cotton products and tomato products produced in China’s Xinjian Uygur Autonomous Region. The WRO will detain the following products from China’s Xinjian Uygur: Apparel, textiles, tomato seeds, canned tomatoes, tomato sauce, and other goods made with cotton and tomatoes.

The CBP will begin detaining shipments that “exploit forced labor laws at any point in their supply chain, including the production or harvesting of the raw material”. The agency identified the following forced labor indicators through the course of its investigation: debt bondage, restriction of movement, isolation, intimidation and threats, withholding of wages, and abusive living and working conditions.

Notice of WRO 1/13/2021

CBP Forced Labor Information

If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us at

How Letters of Credit Can Benefit Your Business During COVID-19

By: Dina Davletshina, New Business Development

COVID-19 has disrupted nearly every part of our lives. Yes, the public health consequences are tragic. But along with this, small and large businesses alike are feeling significant economic pain. Companies in the consumer goods industry are encountering significant supply chain challenges and quickly shifting consumer spending habits. The retail and the apparel apparel industry in particular are facing their own share of supply chain challenges. The list goes on and on.

During times of such economic upheaval and uncertainty, normalcy disappears, once reliable customers start canceling orders and ask for extended payment terms. Stores suddenly close and it’s unclear whether they will ever open again. Shipping delays become more common and trading partners less flexible.

In this climate, all businesses need to reduce their risk to survive this economic storm. One way to do this is to leverage financial instruments like letters of credit (LCs), which can help achieve the highest risk-adjusted returns.

How Letters of Credit Can Benefit Your Business

Letters of credit offer businesses substantial advantages that are amplified by the uncertainty caused by COVID-19.

Supply chain risks and cancelled orders are a greater risk in this global pandemic, so letters of credit can give you more confidence that you’ll actually get paid.

Most prominently, letters of credit minimize risk for both buyers and sellers. Buyers are that their goods are shipped and documentation is in order before submitting payment. Sellers get the confidence they need to ship goods to their buyers.

Letters of credit are also helpful because they free up capital for both buyers and sellers. By using an LC, buyers do not need to leave deposits to start production. Instead, the LC is opened for the transaction’s full value, letting buyers more efficiently allocate their capital. Suppliers can then borrow against their letter of credit, which can provide them with more liquidity before the transaction closes. It is a win-win for both buyers and suppliers. 

Buyers and sellers may be transacting with new parties or others they may not fully trust, letters of credit can include provisions that must be satisfied before the transaction is completed. This can include everything from inspection of the delivered goods to specific delivery times. These provisions can ensure that your goods arrive in the precise manner that you expect – if they don’t, you have the option to reject the goods without payment or to seek a discount for the suppliers errors-

Helping Business Go Forward

It’s unclear when the COVID-19 crisis will end. In the meantime, business has become inherently riskier. There’s a greater chance that your suppliers and customers won’t pay for your goods and services. Because of this, letters of credit can help you continue business as usual while minimizing risk and preserving cash flow. For these reasons, we encourage you to leverage LCs when possible throughout this global pandemic.

At Express Trade Capital, we are happy to help you leverage all the the benefits of letters of credit. Banks require you to jump through several hoops (like collateral requirements or a prior credit relationship with the bank) to obtain a letter of credit. At Express Trade Capital, we have removed these restrictions by allowing clients to use our already existing LC facilities with out banks, thereby allowing you to quickly obtain LCs for your specific business needs without onboarding to a bank.

To learn more about how we can help you, don’t hesitate to click here.